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Shop Best Coffee in Town / Coffee Beans  / What’s the difference between light medium and dark roast coffee?
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What’s the difference between light medium and dark roast coffee?

Who doesn’t like to have a cup of hot brewing coffee in the morning? It gives you the energy boost for hustling throughout the day.
People spend a lot of time selecting that one coffee brand that offers them the perfect flavor. However, do you know the level of roasting coffee beans also impacts its aroma and delicacy?
A light, medium, or dark roasted coffee, which one do you prefer? Let us get you informed about these three coffee roasts so you can select one as per your preferences to experience that spine-tingling coffee moment.

Coffee Roasts Explained

Instead of the brown, crispy, flavorful coffee beans, you will get green, spongy beans with a grassy smell if those coffee seeds are not roasted. Therefore, roasting plays the most significant role in getting you the hot stuff in your mug.

Roasting is the process where the green coffee seeds are brought to very high temperatures.  These temperatures then swelter the beans and transform them into hard aromatic coffee beans. The different levels of roasting results in different variants of coffee.

Caffeine Myths: Dark VS Light Roast – Which Has More?

“Does dark roast have more caffeine than a light roast?” This is one of the most asked questions around coffee. A common assumption is that dark roast contains a higher amount of caffeine than light roast. But is this true? 

No, it is not. The caffeine level is stable throughout the roasting process. Whether you have dark coffee beans or light roast, your drink’s caffeine level only differs from the volume of coffee you add to your cup.

Now, let us look at three coffee varieties that you get to choose from depending on how long they are roasted.

Light Roast

If you are drinking coffee for its health benefits, light roast coffee may be your best option. Read on to find out everything about the light roast. 

What is light roast coffee?

Light roast coffee beans are usually golden brown. They are roasted around 350 to 400 degrees Fahrenheit, which is not enough to break the seed’s oil through its surface. Therefore, you will not find any oil on its outer shell.

The best light roast coffee

Here is the list of a few best light roast coffee that you can include in your morning or evening coffee routine.

What does light coffee taste like?

In the end, it’s always the flavor that matters the most. A light roast coffee has a mild and sweet taste. It comes with a zesty flavor with a strong aroma.

How much caffeine in light roast coffee?

We know that the caffeine level during the whole roasting process remains stable. So there is not much difference in the caffeine content of a light coffee than the regular one. 100 grams of light roast coffee beans contain approx. 40 mg of caffeine.

How is the roast produced?

At first, the green coffee beans are harvested carefully. To get the perfect brown and crunchy beans, it has to undergo the process of roasting. The right time and temperature are crucial for generating accurate chemical reactions that change coffee seeds’ color.

The light roasts are heated at approx. Around 350 to 400 degrees Fahrenheit. Finally, it is cooled down before grinding.

The major health benefits of light roast beans

The process of roasting changes the chemical composition of the beans. Since the light roast coffee is less heated, the natural nutrients of coffee seeds remain intact. Thus, light roast offers more health benefits.

  • Improves the alertness, memory, and creativity
  • Prevent Alzheimer’s disease
  • Reduce the risk of erectile dysfunction in men
  • Reduce the risks of cancer
  • Reduce inflammation and cell damage

Flavour & aroma characteristics of light coffee beans

We are mentioning here a few significant flavour and aroma characteristics of light roasts.

  • Overall, less bitterness
  • Tangy and delicate taste
  • Highly aromatic
  • Higher level of acidity

Best Brewing Methods for Light Coffee Beans

You don’t have to spend extra time brewing light roasts. You can use the following brewing methods for light coffee beans.

  • Pour-Over
  • Cold Brew
  • Aeropress
  • Dripper – V60

Light roast popular locations

  • Brazil
  • Ethiopia – Sidamo
  • Ethiopia – Yirgacheffe

Medium Roast

If you prefer not so strong but strong coffee, then medium roast is the right choice for you. Here is the comprehensive analysis of medium roast coffee.

What is Medium roast coffee?

Medium roast coffee is exactly the brown beans. They generally lack the oily surface but are roasted enough to bring the mild caramelized flavor to it. It is also known as city roast, American roast, regular roast, and breakfast roast.

What does Medium coffee taste like?

A medium roast retains the required acidity and flavors while heating up. This is why medium roast is neither as mild as a light roast nor as strong as dark roast coffee. It is the perfect blend in between that makes the taste ideal – both caramelized and fruity at the same time.

How much caffeine in Medium roast coffee?

As far as the caffeine content is concerned, cups of light, medium, and dark coffee all hold almost equal amounts of java. Therefore, the medium roast coffee has an exact similar amount of caffeine, like the other two holds.

How is the roast produced?

Once the coffee seeds are attentively reaped, it is heated up at high temperature to transform the seeds into coffee beans. The medium roast coffee is flamed at around 400 to 460 degrees Fahrenheit. The beans are removed just after the first crack.

Ceasing the process of heating and cooling it down at the right time is the most significant part of medium roast coffee. Otherwise, it will destroy the sweetness of the seeds.

The major health benefits of Medium roast beans

Since the medium roast coffee is not heated as much as the dark coffee, it upholds all the essential nourishments that a coffee seed possesses.

  • Improves your brain health
  • Increases your adrenaline levels
  • Reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes
  • Prevents you from heart diseases
  • Aids in burning excess fat around the belly

Flavour & aroma characteristics of Medium coffee beans

Do you know why medium roast coffee beans are the most suitable for everyone? Let us inform you about its flavor and aroma attributes.

  • Most balanced flavors
  • High and full body
  • Nutty aroma
  • Mid-level of acidity
  • Bitter in taste than light roasts

Best Brewing Methods for Medium Coffee Beans

We have listed here a few brewing methods that you can use to make exotic medium roast coffee.

  • French press
  • Espresso
  • Cold-brew
  • Stovetop espresso maker
  • Moka Pot
  • Cafetiere              

Medium roast popular locations

  • Colombia Costa Rica
  • Inambari India
  • Guatemala Honduras
  • Africa
  • Mexico
  • Rwanda
  • Salvador

Dark Roast

Are you a strong and hard coffee lover? You should go for dark roast coffee beans. Keep reading to learn all about dark roast coffee.

What is Dark roast coffee?

Dark roast coffee beans are deep brown. They are intense brown, which sometimes resembles black as well. These beans are shiny due to the sheen of oil on their surface. You can see the glistening on the top of the coffee you made.

What Does Dark Coffee Taste Like?

Dark roast coffee tastes richer than all other kinds of roasted coffee. It usually has a charred and high caramelized flavor. Once you take a sip of dark roast coffee, you will get a smoky and bolder taste.

How is the roast produced?

To produce the perfect dark coffee beans, roasting plays the most vital role. The more you roast, the darker the beans will become.

After a certain temperature, the coffee seeds can be burnt. Therefore, the ideal heating condition for dark coffee beans is 460 to 550 degrees Fahrenheit.

Does Dark Roast Coffee Have Any Health Benefits?

 Let us have a glance at the health benefits offered by dark coffee beans.

  • Keeps your stomach clean and healthy
  • Most powerful in cutting off the fat
  • Reduce the risks of cancer
  • Increase the level of antioxidants in your body
  • Improves overall brain health

Flavour & Aroma Characteristics of Dark Coffee Beans

We are mentioning here a few significant flavour and aroma characteristics of light roasts.

  • High bitterness
  • Rich and bold taste
  • Intense smoky and caramelized aroma
  • Low level of acidity
  • Full body

Our Recommended Brewing Method for A Strong Dark Roast Coffee

Brewing is crucial for giving that bitter flavor to your beverage. We are recommending a few exceptional brewing methods for strong dark roast coffee.

  • Stovetop espresso maker
  • Chemex
  • Aeropress
  • Espresso

Tips for Brewing Dark Roast – How to Prevent It Tasting Bitter

  • Reduce the coffee to water ratio
  • Reduce your water temperature
  • Brew for less time
  • Change your brewing method.

Dark Roast Popular Locations

  • Brazil
  • Arabica
  • Ethiopia
  • Guatemala

People also ask

What is the difference between light and medium roast coffee?
The roasting time and temperature create the difference between light and medium roast coffee.

Dark vs. Light – which tastes the best?
Dark coffee is strong and bold, while light coffee is mild and sweet. You can select as per your preferences.

Dark vs. light – does dark roast have more caffeine?
No, each roast coffee has an almost equal amount of caffeine content.

Is there a difference in acidity?
Yes, roasting creates a difference in acidity levels. Light roast is high in acid, while the dark roast is low in acidity.

Is Whole Bean or Ground best?
Whole beans are more flavourful and fresh than ground beans. So it can be said that whole beans are better.

Is dark roast coffee stronger than medium?
Yes, due to the high roasting temperature, dark roast coffee is stronger than the medium.

Why do modern light roast coffees taste better and better?
Since light coffee has a tangy and sweet taste, it tastes better than other roast coffee. However, it depends upon personal choices.

Why Are Coffee Roast Levels Changing?
To improve the flavors of coffee and raise its quality, the coffee roasts level keeps on changing.

What coffee roast is easiest on your stomach?
The medium roast coffee is the easiest on your stomach due to its mid-level acidity and high nutritional values.

Which coffee roast is more popular, and why?
The medium roast coffee is most popular because it blends and presents all the other two coffee roasts’ qualities in one.

 

How to Choose & Buy the Best Coffee Beans in the UK?

While buying coffee beans in the UK, it is necessary to bear a few pointers in your mind.

  • Pay heed to the source of coffee beans.
  • Make sure to buy whole beans as they are fresher.
  • Ensure to match your needs with characteristics of the coffee seeds.
  • Also, keep an eye on the roasting and grinding methods.

To Sum Up

Light or medium or even dark, every coffee lover has their own signature ingredients to make a perfect cup of coffee. Hot brewing coffee is enough to energize you from a drowsy and lazy workday. So, what’s your perfect coffee choice?

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